Custom + Manufactured Balers and Baling Presses
How to Select a Baler
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How to Select a Baler
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C&M balers are designed for baling paper, corrugated (cardboard), non-wovens, plastics, textiles, foam rubber, fiberglass, carpet, tobacco, agriculture waste, biomass, non-ferrous metals, and other materials or fiber.
Please read over the following information to help you decide what style of baler best fits your application.

Important Considerations

We try to make it as simple as possible for our clients to work with us and we realize purchasing a baler is serious business. Ask yourself, or tell us, about the details of your application.  The answers to the following questions will help assure you select and install the correct baling press and avoid common "incorrect applications".

  1. What material(s) is planned to be baled?
  2. What is the largest size of materials (for example cardboard boxes) that will need to "freely" fall into the baling chamber?
  3. In pounds or tons per hour, how much volume or weight of each material will need to be baled each hour?
  4. What is the "loose" in feed density?  (What would an unpacked cubic foot weigh?) 
  5. What size bales do you need?  Will they be loaded into a van trailer, overseas shipping container, railroad car, or flat bed truck trailer?  (There are several industry accepted bale sizes.)
  6. What is the most efficient or desirable method of moving your waste material (or other product to be baled) to the baling area?
  7. Do you suggest the best way to load the baler is by hand, by conveyor belt, by air evacuation system, by cart dumper, or other means?
  8. Did you know that material handling cost is a major consideration and can justify a baling system?
  9. Did you know the most common mistake others have made selecting a baler is to acquire one with too small an in-feed opening?  (The larger the in-feed opening, the more the baler will cost.)
  10. Another common mistake is to acquire a baler that does not have enough power to "shear" your materials or to form a solid dense bale.
  11. Baler ram compression speed is seldom a problem, but should be matched with the ability to transport materials to the baling area and then to load materials into the baler.  (The faster the baler ram cycle time, the more the baler cost.)
  12. A fast ram cycle time is often a waste of energy & money and also usually results acquiring a baler with low power "regen" hydraulic systems. (Cheap Speed)
  13. You will need to know how much space is available for your baling area and if sufficient electrical power can be available to the area.  (460-volts 3 phase is most common)

C&M 3442 Series Auto-tie Balers
C&M Horizontal Auto-tie Baler Processing DLK

C&M 5042 Series Closed-end Balers
C&M Manual Tie Horizontal Baling Cardboard

C&M Full Eject Balers
Full eject manual tie horizontal balers are offered with a variety of baler feed opening lengths and widths.  Full eject balers are generally used for baling multi-materials & foam rubber, but cost more than traditional style horizontal balers.

C&M Custom Designed Converted Plastics Baler
C&M Custom Full Eject with Cart Dumper

C&M Extra Heavy Duty Vertical Balers
C&M does not make standard duty light weight balers from formed sheets of metal, but from structural steel to withstand years of heavy-duty service.  The C&M structural steel body can withstand the forces from our recommended 7-bore compression cylinder for heavier bales, which delivers 36% more compression force than a 6-inch bore cylinder. The 6-inch bore cylinder models are also offered, but with the same C&M extra heavy structure.  These balers are available for bale widths of 42", 48", 60" and 72".  In chamber bales are 30” deep to produce bales 24” to 48” high.

CM60HDD Auto-eject Vertical Down-stroke Baler
Vertical Down-Stroke Baler Baling Polystyrene

Now that you have thoughtfully considered the selection of a baler type or style, isn't it the right time to contact a C&M Baling Systems representative or sales engineer to fine-tune those thoughts for a quotation?  C&M has prepared hundreds of e-brochures and baler specification sheets to help assure your baler selection will meet both the requirements and your budget.

Click here to for more information from C&M Baling Systems

Styles or Types of Balers

There are several "styles" of balers and baling presses.  Horizontal balers in general are the most efficient and horizontal automatic tie horizontal balers are for higher production rates.  Vertical down-stroke balers are for lower volumes or special materials.  Most horizontal balers retain completed bales inside the baling chamber until another completed bale pushes it out of the chamber.  The determination as to what style of baler best fits your application is primarily determined by (1) the volume of material, (2) the size of the material, (3) and sometimes the type of material.  Availability of labor to load and operate the baling press is an important consideration.

C&M Standard Design Horizontal Baler Model Descriptions

There are four “Styles” of standard C&M horizontal balers. Closed-End manual tie, Open-End manual tie, Open-End automatic tie, and Full-Eject manual tie.

Baler throughput (output capacity) is determined by the “cubic feet of displacement” (within the baling chamber) while the baler ram cycles.

Displacement is determined by: Style of baler, length & width of infeed opening, height of bale, length of bale, speed of compression cylinder (cycles/minute), and the characteristics of the material(s) to be baled or loose infeed density VS compressed or “baled” final density
Three standard bale heights are available: 30", 40", or 42"
Many hopper infeed openings are available as indicated by our model numbers series:


CM3030 Series


CM3430 Series


CM5030 Series


CM5042 Series


CM5046 Series


CM6042 Series



CM6046 Series



CM6048 Series



CM7846 Series



C&M FULL SIZE Hopper Designs:

  • 48” High over baler body with door & window
  • 3 sided hopper with or without flared sides 48" high
  • Any custom designed hopper
  • Special quotation for additional hopper sections
Compression Cylinders (bore)
  • 6” ID
  • 7” ID
  • 8” ID
  • 9” ID
  • 10” ID
  • 12” ID
    Note. All cylinder bores not available with some baler models
Power Units & Electrical
Power Unit electric motors and hydraulic pump selections determine the “speed” of the baler compression cylinder and are available with a 10 HP to 75 HP single motor or twin motor power units with two 20 HP up to two 75 HP motors.
When a baler is to be located outdoors, NEMA-4 electrics, special paint, and hydraulic fluid heaters are needed.

C&M 6046 Series Closed-end Dock Baler
Closed-end horizontal at in England

CM7242HDD Vertical Baler
72" Vertical 42" Deep for Large OCC

“Solid performance…
affordable quality…
without crushing
your budget.”
C&M Baling Systems, Inc.  Winston-Salem, NC USA 27101 
Phone: (336) 723-4869 or (800) 225-3796  Fax: (336) 761-8695